What is Toe Nail Fungus

Toe Nail Fungus: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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What is Toe Nail Fungus?

The toe nail fungus is an infection that is introduced through nail cracks or cuts in the skin. It can change the color of your nails or thicken them. It can also hurt. Because the fingers are usually hot and wet, the fungus grows well there.

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Causes of Toe Nail Fungus?
Symptoms of Toe Nail Fungus
Treatment of Toe Nail Fungus
Best Toenail Fungus Cream  A fungal infection on the nails is caused by excessive growth of fungi on, under, or on the fingernail. Fungi grow in warm, humid environments, so this type of environment can lead to natural overpopulation.  What is Toe Nail Fungus Causes of Toe Nail Fungus Symptoms of Toe Nail Fungus Treatment of Toe Nail Fungus Best Toenail Fungus Cream
Sources: Mayo Clinic

Different types of fungi and sometimes yeast affect different parts of the nail. If left untreated, an infection can spread to other nails, skin or even fingernails.

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Fungal infections of the nails are relatively common. Like other fungal foot infections (athlete’s foot), it is thought that the fungus can be caught while walking barefoot in locker rooms or in public showers. It is more likely that the toes are affected by fungi, as they are attracted to a dark, damp environment, more common in the foot than in the hand.

In more severe conditions, affected nails may have yellowish or brown discoloration. They can thicken or become fragile over time and even come off. Sometimes the nails have crumbled edges. It can be unpleasant, disfiguring, ashamed and sometimes painful. Symptoms of fungus fungus, which can be caused by several types of fungus, include swelling, yellowing, thickening or crumbling of the fingernail, streaks or spots on the side of the fingernail , and even total loss of the nail.

These fungi usually belong to a group of fungi called dermatophytes. As they grow, they invade and feed on the protein (keratin) that forms the hard surface of the nails. The risk factors for development of fungus fungus are age, male sex, nail trauma, sweating of the feet, poor blood circulation, hyperglycemia, fungal infections of the feet and immune system. compromise

Nail foot fungi can be collected in damp places, such as public gyms, shower stalls or swimming pools, and can be passed on to family members. The nail can collapse and eventually fall completely or it can become so thick that it is very painful to wear shoes.

Athletes and people who wear tight shoes or socks and who cause toe trauma or prevent feet from drying out have an increased risk. The disease can also spread from one toe to another or to other parts of the body. Fungal infections can affect both nails and nails, but the fungus on the nails is harder to treat because nails grow more slowly. It occurs most often on the big toe, but can occur on any toe.

This is rare in children, but its incidence increases with age, as about 48% of Americans have at least one toe affected at age 70. The use of snug shoes and layers of nail polish increases the risk of developing this disease. It can also be transmitted from one person to another in public places such as changing rooms and showers.

The fungus often becomes a chronic disease and, if not painful, many people do not receive treatment. Surgical removal of fungi in the nails. Washing and drying your feet really helps. The best shoes to wear are those that allow a lot of air exchange and moisture. The use of nail polish on the toes is not recommended because it can seal the fungus and allow it to grow.

Keep the nails cut and be sure to disinfect the pedicure tools before using them. Some internal medications are available by prescription, such as itraconazole (Sporonox), fluconazole (Diflucan), griseofulvin (Fulvicin) and terfinabine (Lamisil), but they sometimes have side effects such as head and liver. Both medications can be quite expensive because they have to be taken once a day for 3 months.

Drug efficacy varies from 60 to 80% of business management items, with a recurrence rate of 15%. Lamisil appears to be more effective and has fewer drug interactions than Sporonox.

The Causes of Toe Nail Fungus?

A fungal infection on the nails is caused by excessive growth of fungi on, under, or on the fingernail. Fungi grow in warm, humid environments, so this type of environment can lead to natural overpopulation.

A person with nails peeled and cracked. Fingernail with onychomycosis, usually caused by fungal infections of the nails.
Microscopic organisms called fungi cause fungal infections of the nails; They do not need sunlight to survive, so they can thrive in these areas.

Most often, a group of fungi called dermatophytes (such as Candida) is responsible for fungal infections of the nails. However, some yeasts and molds are also responsible for these infections;

These include:

  1. Trichophyton rubrum: the most common dermatophyte that causes fungal infections of the nails.
  2. Trichophyton interdigital.
  3. Epidermophyton floccosum.
  4. Trichophyton violaceum.
  5. Microsporum gypseum.
  6. Tonsurans Trichophyton.
  7. Trichophyton soudanense.

Common causes of mold include:

  1. Néoscytalidium
  2. Scopulariopsis
  3. aspergill.

Pathogens that cause a fungal infection of the nails usually enter the skin through small cuts or small spaces between the nail and the bed Mushrooms grow when the nail provides a warm and moist environment.

How to Prevent Toe Nail Fungus

The prevention of fungal infections in the nails requires the hygiene of the hands and feet. Some suggestions include:

  • Keep nails short, dry and clean.
  • Wear breathable socks, usually synthetic.
  • using aerosols or antifungal powders
  • Use rubber gloves to prevent overexposure to water.
  • Refrain from biting or biting nails
  • Wear shoes or sandals in public places and swimming pools.
  • Make sure your manicure or pedicure salon sterilizes tools properly
  • Use artificial nails and nail polish less often.
  • wash your hands after touching infected nails
  • Avoid sharing shoes and socks

Symptoms of Toe Nail Fungus

You can have a nail fungus if one or more of your nails are:

  1. Thickened
  2. Whitish to yellowish color.
  3. Fragile, friable or torn
  4. Deformed in shape
  5. A dark color, caused by the accumulation of debris under the nail.
  6. Feeling slightly disgustin.

Fungus on the nails can affect the nails, but it is more common on
toenails

Treatment of Toe Nail Fungus

Fungal infections of the nails can be difficult to treat. Talk to your doctor if self-care strategies and over-the-counter (OTC) products have not helped you. The treatment depends on the severity of your condition and the type of fungus that causes it. It may take months to see the results. And even if the condition of your fingernail improves, repeated infections are common.

You should Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic if the need arises.

Best Toenail Fungus Treatment

Although the symptoms of nail fungus are unpleasant, there are many treatment options and it is best to always consult your doctor before trying one. Here you will find the best treatments for nail fungus, prescription drugs and surgery for extreme cases of soaps, ointments and nail polish.

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